What Is Periodontal Disease?

Hello, I’m Dr. Grey Kantor here at Kantor Dental Group, Aesthetic Dentistry and Implantology.

Today, I want to talk about periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is something that happens when you don’t get your teeth clean for a while or you’ve eaten a lot of sugars or something and you get a lot of tartar on your teeth, otherwise known as calculus. This tartar builds up and it causes your gums to get inflamed.

Let’s look at the picture and see how that happens. In this picture here, we can see that this tooth is healthy. This dental probe, you might say, it checks the pocket depths and tells us that it’s 3 mm or less. As those pocket depths increase, you can see the tooth starts to get tartar on it, that’s that dark stuff, and then it begins to… You get deeper and deeper pockets, and if you look right in this area here, the bone begins to decrease as well and change shape. That enables more plaque, more tartar, and then it’s a cyclical process and it gets more and more inflamed. But if you also notice, the tooth is getting less and less strong. This is really bad for your teeth and it is one of the two main ways people lose teeth.

How do we stop this from happening? Well, you get your teeth cleaned often to get that tartar removed. Tartar is too difficult to remove with your toothbrush, so you need a dentist to remove that. And another way to do it is with a deep cleaning, otherwise known as periodontal therapy. What we do with periodontal therapy is we have those deep pockets and we clean them out really well with a curette. And clean it all up. And then, a lot of the times with the deep pockets, we’ll put in an antibiotic known as ARESTIN. That antibiotic is yellow in color, and we put it in there to… It kind of slow release microspheres of antibiotic and they’ll keep it healthy so it can heal and you can get more bone and gum attachment. This will make your teeth a lot stronger and much more healthy. So that way you can keep your teeth the rest of your life, which is our goal here at Kantor Dental Group, Aesthetic Dentistry and Implantology.
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